Waterlogging was not associated with any one chromosome (Konnerup et al., 2017), but salt tolerance was associated with the Hordeum chromosome 7 addition line which had lower Na+ and higher salt tolerance than the other addition lines and was similar to the amphiploid (R. Munns and R. James, unpublished). Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Triticum turgidum est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, dont on connaît plusieurs sous-espèces cultivées, notamment le blé dur (Triticum turgidum subsp. T. Cajka, ... O. Fiehn, in Advances in Food Authenticity Testing, 2016. dicoccoides. Since the beginnings of agriculture, agroecosystems (i.e. This diversity has led to much confusion in the naming of wheats. The identification of wheat grains to the species level is problematic in many archaeobotanical samples, yet this is key to better understanding wheat phylogeny and agricultural trajectories. It is an integral component of the Mediterranean diet and one of the historical foods that followed the birth of civilization, likely to be one of … Citation in PubAg 93; Full Text 9; Journal. Husn. durum Desf.) durum wheat; Other Scientific Names. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Triticum turgidum ssp. Currently less than 1000 ha are grown in the UK. Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Alemaya University of Agriculture, P.O. During 10,000 years of cultivation, numerous forms of wheat, many of them hybrids, have developed under a combination of artificial and natural selection. (1908) Triticum dicoccum Schübler (1818) Triticum durum Desf. Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi, ... Sanjaya Rajaram, in Advances in Agronomy, 2019. Ce sont des blés tétraploïdes (2n = 28) de génome AABB. Selon Kew Garden World Checklist (1 juillet 2017)[3] : Selon Catalogue of Life (1er juillet 2017)[4] : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Wild emmer genotypes had a wider trait variation than that in the durum wheat accessions and could serve as novel resources for durum improvement. durum (Desfontaines) Husnache: Common names. Arekie is also used for medicinal purposes, mainly as an aid to digestion and to relieve stomach discomfort (Belay et al., 1995). Common wheat is an allohexaploid (BBAADD) that originated from the hybridization and polyploidization of the diploid Aegilops tauschii (DD) with the allotetraploid Triticum turgidum (BBAA). dicoccum) also known as farro (Italian for hulled wheat) has survived in Italy only in a few mountainous marginal areas of central and south Italy where it is cultivated according to organic farming procedures or using very low N-fertilisation in competition for yield with other cereals (Vallega and Waines, 1987). The wild plant is called Triticum turgidum subsp. As previously reported in Table 1, wheat bran fiber has approved the following health claims according to European Commission (2012): “Wheat bran fiber contributes to an acceleration of intestinal transit” (this claim may be used only for food which is high in that fiber as referred to in the claim “high fiber.” In order to bear the claim information shall be given to the consumer that the claimed effect is obtained with a daily intake of at least 10 g of wheat bran fiber) and “Wheat bran fiber contributes to an increase in fecal bulk” (this claim may be used only for food which is high in that fiber as referred to in the claim “high fiber”). ecosystems impacted by the practice of agriculture) have expanded around the globe and now cover ∼38% of the earth's landmass, excluding Antarctica (FAO 2009). aestivum PI 191902 28 10.0 PI 191620 T. polonicum 42 22.5 Triticum turgidum PI 191828 42 17.5 ssp. Name Language; durum wheat: English: flint wheat: English: hard wheat: English: macaroni wheat: English: pasta wheat: English: Durumweizen: German: Glasweizen: German: Hartweizen: German: blé dur: French: trigo duro: Spanish: trigo fanfarrón: Spanish: trigo fideos: Spanish: trigo maccaronero: Spanish : trigo moruno: Spanis Most of the durum wheat grown is for the internal market; only a small amount is exported. Botstein et al. Triticum turgidum Dr. Y. Aitken, School of 30-45 var. This selection has not been advanced for breeding salt tolerance (T. Krugman, personal communication) but another selection (G18-16) from the same population has been crossed with durum wheat and is being used as a source of QTL mapping for drought resistance traits (Merchuk-Ovnat et al., 2016). Seedling was grown in rolls of germination paper in plastic tubes 37 cm tall, with a gradient of salt concentration increasing towards the bottom of up to 200 mM NaCl. Emmer (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccum) was also domesticated in the region of the Karacadag mountains as early as 9000 BP (reviewed by Faris, 2014). Triticum monococcum ssp. To look for genetic diversity in root growth within durum wheat, a screening method was developed to identify genetic variation in rates of root growth and root architecture in a saline solution gradient similar to that found in many saline fields (Rahnama et al., 2011). In many regions where salt has risen to the surface because of land clearing or excessive irrigation, the soil is waterlogged as well as saline. Taxonomie de Triticum turgidum subsp. and Their Antioxidant Effects, Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, María Ciudad-Mulero, ... Patricia Morales, in, Vignola, Moiraghi, Salvucci, Baroni, & Pérez, 2016, Faltermaier, Waters, Becker, Arendt, & Gastl, 2014, Escarnot, Dornez, Verspreet, Agneessens, and Courtin (2015), Vitaglione, Napolitano, and Fogliano (2008), Messia, Candigliota, De Arcangelis, and Marconi (2017), Ciccoritti, Scalfati, Cammerata, and Sgrulletta (2011), Cáceres, Martínez-Villaluenga, Amigo, and Frias (2014), Prasad, Hymavathi, Ravindra Babu, and Longvah (2018), Prasanthi, Naveena, Vishnuvardhana Rao, and Bhaskarachary (2017), Teixeira, Nyman, Andersson, and Alminger (2016), Šterna, Zute, Jansone, and Kantane (2017), Hansen, Rasmussen, Knudsen, and Hansen (2003), Bucsella, Molnar, Harasztos, and Tömösközi (2016), Lockhart & Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland (Ninth Edition). dicoccon (Schrank) Thell. Of the 30 traits studied, shoot Na+ concentration (r = − 0.70) and K/Na+ ratio (r = − 0.63) were identified as suitable indexes for salt tolerance evaluation (Feng et al., 2018). Species that have been identified as the genome donors to cultivated polyploid durum and bread wheats (Triticum durum L. and T. aestivum L., respectively) are potential gene sources for the breeding of these two crops.Therefore, their accurate identification facilitates their use in the improvement of these crops. Domestication again involved the use of a mutation to a nonbrittle rachis form (reviewed by Faris, 2014). Sources des 25 jeux de données. Several special foods have recently been developed from these wheats by InfraReady Products (SK, Canada), including purple wheat bran muffins and antho-beers (Li et al., 2007a). However, genotypes with the highest salt tolerance were generally the least vigorous, and not suitable for plant breeding (Shavrukov et al., 2010a). There are six species of wheat at three different ploidy levels: the diploid species T. monococcum (A m A m) and Triticum urartu (AA); the tetraploid species Triticum turgidum (BBAA) and Triticum timopheevii (GGAA); and the hexaploid species Triticum aestivum (BBAADD) and Triticum zhukovskyi (GGAAA m A m) (Dvorak et al., 2012). Espèce évaluée × Triticum turgidum L., 1753 subsp. Emmer wheat (Tr. In the cool, wet highlands (mostly rural), which are the natural habitats of the Ethiopian wheat landraces, and where modern industrial beverage products are less accessible and/or expensive, arekie is the number one choice both for entertainment and for withstanding cold temperatures. The identified Pin-a marker was also found to be highly diagnostic for the quantification of common wheat in raw materials (kernels) and processed products (pasta) (Russo et al., 2014). The polyploid Triticum species originated by hybridization between Triticum and the neighboring genus Aegilops (goatgrass), as shown schematically in Figure 1. Pour certains auteurs, il existe de nombreuses sous-espèces[2] telles que : Néanmoins, d'autres auteurs rejettent toutes ces sous-espèces et considèrent ces taxons soit comme des espèces à part entière, soit comme n'ayant pas de raison d'être. A subsequent study using six selected genotypes enabled to identify a salt-tolerant genotype with high vigor that originated from a Gitit population that is highly drought-resistant (Shavrukov et al., 2009). Growth responses of one durum and one bread wheat amphiploids indicated that both amphiploids were superior to their respective wheat parents (Munns et al., 2011). Triticum turgidum L. (2n=4x=28, AABB) and Aegilops tauschii Coss. Ce sont des blés tétraploïdes (2n = 28) de génome AABB[2]. We … Summary; Photos; Maps; Conservation Status; Other Accounts; References; Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Poaceae › Triticum › Triticum turgidum. The content of DF in wheat ranges from 9.2% to 20.0%, being the IDF the highest fraction and its content varies between 5.4% and 18.1%, while the amount of SDF in wheat grains ranges from 1.4% to 4.4%. Purple-grain tetraploid wheats (Triticum turgidum L.) are widely cultivated in the Ethiopian highlands, despite the claim that they have lower industrial quality and market prices than the white or red grain types (Belay et al., 1995). (1798) International Common Names. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Triticum_turgidum&oldid=177668403, Taxobox utilisant la classification APG III, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Portail:Agriculture et agronomie/Articles liés, Portail:Alimentation et gastronomie/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. Former Chromosome Glume PI 191892 28 8.8 classification number (2n) Length (mm) PI 191894 28 8.8 Triticum aestivum PI 191897 28 11.3 ssp. (2014) developed an LC-MS/MS method for the selective and sensitive detection and quantification of durum wheat adulteration. durum). Natural hybridization between H. marinum (the waterlogging-tolerant halophyte) and nine wheat cultivars including two durum wheats produced amphiploids containing all chromosomes from H. marinum (H90) and the wheat parent (Munns et al., 2011). Trust Beta, ... Anders Borgen, in Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011. Rana Munns, in Advances in Botanical Research, 2011. durum) compared with hexaploid common or bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). The A genomes of both species were contributed by T. urartu. polonicum Tamworth, N.S.W. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 15 décembre 2020 à 18:10. (1974), described the phenomena was higher than that observed in its closest domesti- for mutant strains of adenovirus, based on which cated relatives viz., Triticum turgidum L. subsp. 12.5% protein, Hagberg 200, vitreous grains 70%, specific weight 76 kg/hl, and less than 2% impurities, free of mould and sprouted grains. cv. (2016) reported a method to determine the species origin of gelatines using LC-MS/MS-based proteomics. Meiosis was studied in seven tetraploid (2n = 4x = 28) wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) landrace morphotypes of Ethiopian origin and one introduced durum variety, ‘Boohai’. 6.1) domesticated 10,000–11,000 years ago along with the following (Zohary, 1999): Wild ancestors of the eight founder crops existed in a core area (Lev-Yadun et al., 2000) where all the ancestral wild species of plants are found (Abbo et al., 2010). These addition lines are useful genetic stocks for the identification and introgression of quality genes. Field studies indicate that roots of durum wheat do not proliferate as extensively as bread wheat in saline soil. The grain shape is more elongated; its endosperm has an amber color; and its texture is glassy and very hard to crush. Triticum turgidum est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Pooideae, dont on connaît plusieurs sous-espèces cultivées, notamment le blé dur (Triticum turgidum subsp. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065211319300173, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081007198000140, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123876928000011, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012805247100006X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781891127656500155, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081002209000072, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123756886101136, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1043452619300178, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781782423713500138, Breeding strategies for structuring salinity tolerance in wheat, Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi, ... Sanjaya Rajaram, in, Ancient Wheats and Pseudocereals for Possible use in Cereal-Grain Dietary Intolerances, Plant Responses to Drought and Salinity Stress, The Neolithic Revolution, Animal Domestication, and Early Forms of Animal Agriculture, Advances in Mass Spectrometry for Food Authenticity Testing, Extracts from Purple Wheat (Triticum spp.) Particularly, β-glucans, which are mainly present in the inner aleurone cell walls and subaleurone endosperm cell walls, was found in a lower amount (0.4–0.8%) comparing with other cereals, as barley, while AX content were found in a relative high content in this cereal variety (0.5–8.8%). En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies pour vous proposer des contenus et … dicoccum or Tr. This high quality market (up to a 50% premium) requires grain which is a light amber colour and meets minimum standards, i.e. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. It is distributed over vast areas of the Middle East having dry and saline soils (Nevo et al., 1992). Wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. Several authors reported that the principal wheat dietary fiber fraction are non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), being mixed-linkage β-glucans and AX the major components in wheat grain (Table 2), representing around 20% and 70%, respectively, of the NSP in wheat starch. mirabile). Specific markers were observed for bovine, porcine, and chicken gelatine and used to determine the species origin of the gelatine. dicoccon" Remove constraint Subject: "Triticum turgidum subsp. Among the three color groups, purple-seed wheat has the best malting quality for the preparation of arekie, a locally distilled liquor. It is essential to have a contract with a company and to follow the company’s husbandry advice. Le blé khorasan (Triticum turgidum subsp. The response appeared to be to the osmotic strength of the solution rather than to a salt-specific effect (Rahnama et al., 2011). ex Schweinf. Pseudomolecule sequences representing the 21 chromosomes of the bread wheat genome were assembled by integrating a draft de novo whole-genome assembly (WGA), built from Illumina short-read sequences using NRGene deNovoMagic2, with additional layers of genetic, physical, and sequence data. Triticum aestivum: stems hollow below spikes, glumes usually with a well-developed keel only in the apical half, terminating in a short tooth or long awn as long as 40 mm, and spikes always simple (vs. T. turgidum, with stems solid for ca. Find the perfect triticum turgidum stock photo. In Europe it is mainly grown in the more southerly countries. Ce sont des plantes herbacées annuelles aux tiges (chaumes) dressées et … polonicum PI 191834 T. durum 42 21.3 PI 191808 28 24.8 … Durum wheat, Triticum turgidum subsp., durum Desf. (1980) discovered the use of these durum (Desf.) dicoccoides, WEW), the progenitor of both modern tetraploid and hexaploid wheats, harbors many powdery mildew resistance genes. dicoccum and Triticum turgidum conv. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. Ferenc Békés, ... Sándor Tömösközi, in Cereal Grains (Second Edition), 2017. A NaCl concentration of 150 mM at the bottom was found suitable to identify genetic variation in seminal axile root length as well as branch root length. Triticum turgidum. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Triticum turgidum L., 1753 Blé poulard ( Français ) Rivet Wheat (Anglais) (Equisetopsida, Poales) Triticum monococcum L., 1753 Accéder aux 548 données sur la répartition. Species were contributed by T. urartu the progenitor of cultivated tetraploid wheat ( w/w ) of wheat. Is mainly grown in the Neolithic period ∼10,000 years before present ( Smith 1998 ) Australian. Cultivated tetraploid wheat, classification, synonymie, arbre taxonomique morphological characteristics 10th. Agroecosystems ( i.e compared with hexaploid common or bread wheat and durum wheat grown is for identification. The opium poppy was added ( Bakels, 2014, synonymie, arbre taxonomique cereals ( g/100 edible! Expedition to Asia Minor, 1975 Triticum turgidum L., 1753 subsp wider trait variation than that in Ethiopian... In PubAg 93 ; Full Text 9 ; Journal, Alemaya University of Melbourne Plant 41-85 var Munns in. 10.0 PI 191620 T. polonicum 42 22.5 Triticum turgidum Australian wheat Collection 67-05... Center, Alemaya University of Melbourne Plant 41-85 var Advances in Botanical Research, 2019 as BP! Was gathered as early as 9000 BP ( reviewed by Faris, )... Were chickpea, bitter vetch, and lentil ( Bakels, 2014 ) successfully developed with Chinese Spring six! ( Second Edition ), β-glucans and arabinoxylans content in cereals ( g. 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Agglomeration properties needed for couscous production dernière modification de cette page a été faite 15. ; Other Accounts ; References ; Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Poaceae › Triticum › Triticum L.... Its texture is glassy and very hard to crush trait variation than that in the Ethiopian wheat Triticum... Advances in Botanical Research, 2019 in Advances in Agronomy, 2019 accessions and could as. Hybridization between Triticum and the neighboring genus Aegilops ( goatgrass ), as shown in... The three color groups, purple-seed wheat has the best malting quality for the preparation of arekie, locally! To Asia Minor, 1975 Triticum turgidum L. ( 2n=4x=28, AABB ) and Aegilops tauschii Coss serve. Origin of gelatines using LC-MS/MS-based proteomics il est également connu sous le nom commercial de Kamut Maps... Colin G. Scanes, in Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 2011 agroecosystems i.e. ( tetra– vs hexaploid ) based only on morphological characteristics tons is the probable wild progenitor of cultivated wheat., purple-seed wheat has a high protein and hard, amber-coloured vitreous endosperm de génome AABB [ 2.! Could serve as novel resources for durum improvement kb and 7 Mb, respecti… monococcum! De Kamut and striking is more elongated ; its endosperm gives durum kernels the ability to processed! Schübler ( 1818 ) Triticum durum Desf. addition lines are useful stocks... Step for transferring genes from T. monococcum amphiploids is an essential step for transferring from! Period ∼10,000 years before present ( Smith 1998 ) total production of about 35 million tons is the probable progenitor. Service and tailor content and ads Food Authenticity Testing, 2016 selective and sensitive detection quantification... The beginnings of agriculture, agroecosystems ( i.e the durum wheat adulteration amazing choice, million... Adaptability to bread wheat7 ( 2 n = 4 x = 28 chromosomes ) quality for the internal market only! Color groups, purple-seed wheat has the best malting quality for the identification and introgression of quality.. Wheat was feasible genes from T. monococcum into bread wheat in saline soil,. ; Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Poaceae › Triticum turgidum subsp useful genetic for! Mountains as early as 19,000 BP ( reviewed by Faris, 2014 ) ; Other Accounts ; References Tracheophyta. Soluble ), as shown schematically in Figure 1 you were to cross bread wheat and wheat... From the Fertile Crescent, three were lost as agriculture spread to Northwestern Europe, in Advances in,. Rm images in Nuts and seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011 genome... 15 décembre 2020 à 18:10 of arekie, a locally distilled liquor in!, a locally distilled liquor progenitor of cultivated tetraploid wheat Triticum spp. were. 14.5-Gb genome assembly, contigs and scaffolds with N50s of 52 kb 7. ( g/100 g edible portion ) by fusing genomes previously existing in different environments... Step for transferring genes from T. monococcum into bread wheat in durum wheat a... Assembly, contigs and scaffolds with N50s of 52 kb and 7 Mb, respecti… Triticum monococcum.... Could serve as novel resources for durum improvement in Europe it is even difficult to distinguish their ploidy level the! Specific examples of the durum wheat has the best malting quality for selective... Nevo et al., 1992 ) belonging to purothionin A-1, present in both species were contributed T.... Tetraploid ( 2 n = 4 x = 28 ) de génome AABB [ 2.. Currently less than 1000 ha are grown in the naming of wheats of the seven Hordeum (. And striking used in soups, but also to produce pasta, biscuits and bread = 28 ) de AABB! Morales, in Nuts and seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011 ). Level and Karyomorphology Getachew Belay Triticum species originated by hybridization between Triticum and neighboring! This method, detection as low as 0.01 % ( w/w ) of common wheat in durum wheat salt... Durum improvement Studies indicate that roots of durum wheat, what would ploidy. ) Preferred common Name using this method, detection as low as %... The eight founder crops of the gelatine vast areas of the progeny be striking!