Fir trees make useful specimen plantings and have erect cones. The most common Abies species used for traditional Christmas trees are the balsam fir, Fraser fir, noble fir, and Nordmann fir. The bark of young fir trees is usually smooth and gray. These can be up to 3” (7.6 cm) long and 0.8” (2 cm) wide. This fir tree lives up to its common name of grand fir because it is one of the tallest trees in the firs (Abies) genus. However, if you suffer from allergies, then it’s essential to pick a species of evergreen that has no aroma at all. With soft and shiny green needles that radiate from its branches, the Douglas fir is a much-loved variety of Christmas tree (and one of the easier types to find). Types of trees such as pines, firs, spruces, and cedars only lose their leaves gradually and they stay green all year long. Abies balsamea. We’re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and western red cedar, but they are cedars in name only. Some of the most commonly planted firs include: White Fir (Abies concolor) – this fir tree has soft, gray-green to silvery blue-green foliage. We’ll explore what each type has to offer so you can choose the best real Christmas tree for your home! Fir trees(Genus: Abies) are a unique genus of evergreen trees. The three-inch cones turn reddish-brown as they mature. Evergreen trees are a popular type of Christmas tree because they keep their leaves throughout the year. Parts of this fir can be used to create an essential oil and incense. This fragrant species also grows in an attractive pyramid shape. Their cones are upright and only grow on the highest branches of the tree. Long cones grow erect on the tree and they can be between 2.1” and 4.3” (6 – 12 cm) long. Different types of pine trees grow in many different environments that include cold regions in North America, rain forests, and hot sandy deserts. Douglas Fir Is Confusing to Taxonomists . It grows slowly and fits into most landscapes. Water: Plant in consistently moist, well-drained soil. 13. of 40. West Himalayan Fir trees are native to India and Pakistan. The west Himalayan fir grows to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall. This pyramidal evergreen is the national tree of Japan and is somewhat sacred. The most commonly found types of firs are listed down below: 1. Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae. It makes a lovely contrast with dark-colored evergreens. The low-maintenance tree prefers full sun and can grow in a variety of soil types as long as they drain well. Types of Fir Trees. In this article, you will learn about the many different species of fir trees and how to identify them. The tree is identified by the fact that it has foliage almost the whole length of its trunk. Fraser fir tree has small conical cones that are purple in color that turns light brown before disintegrating and spreading seeds. Other types of soft fir trees have denser foliage. The silver fir is a tall slender species of conifer native to Europe. Depending on the tree, there may be a whitish waxy substance on the needles. South central. Move it outdoors for a day or two during the holiday season to give it a rest from the stress of warm indoor conditions. American mountain-ash. There are many different kinds of evergreen plants, both trees and shrubs. It has a very strong quintessentially Christmassy fragrance and has robust branches which are perfect for decorating. Fir tree cones are softer than other cones of coniferous trees, and they come apart at the end of the season to spread their seeds. Historically, this was the first species to be used as Christmas trees in Europe. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Similar to noble firs, Nordmann fir trees are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees. Douglas fir (or Doug fir) is the English name applied in common to most evergreen coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga which is in the family Pinaceae. Why We Love It: Unique foliage and cones. All firs are characterized by short, mostly soft needles that are blunt-tipped and do not leave a raised scar on the twig (characteristic of spruces). Dwarf varieties of these evergreens are some of the most popular Christmas trees. Scotch Pine; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you probably picture a Scotch pine (also known as a Scots pine). The most fragrant Christmas trees are species of fir or pine trees with the balsam fir and Douglas fir being the best smelling ones. Dwarf evergreen shrub varieties of fir form a carpet and work well in rock gardens, while upright types make a sensational focal point. Fir trees are evergreen conifers that belong to the Abies genus in the Pine family. Leave the tree in the container you purchased it in for the first season, if possible, bringing it indoors for no more than 10 days at a stretch. Massed on the upper surface of the twig. Types of Evergreen Trees #3: Magnolia Tree The magnolia tree is a popular broadleaf evergreen tree in the south, although it is being cultivated to grow in northern climates. These needle leaves are arranged spirally on the branches but they appear to be in 2 horizontal rows. They are found in the area from the Rocky Mountains towards the west and attain full development in Cascade and Sierra Nevada ranges. Cultivars and Varieties: European Silver Fir-Abies alba, Pacific Silver Fir-Abies amabilis, Balsam Fir-Abies balsamea, Greek Fir-Abies cephalonica, White Fir-Abies concolor, Fraser Fir-Abies fraseri, Grand Fir-Abies grandis, Korean Fir-Abies koreana, Alpine Fir-Abies lasiocarpa, Spanish Fir … However, all New World trees we commonly call “cedar” are of the family Cupressaceae, often referred to as cypress. Here are 12 popular types of fir trees for your landscape. Fir trees are a species of large evergreen conifer trees that are mainly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. The cylindrical seed cones are 2 1/5 to 5 inches long and a striking violet-blue ripening to brown in the fall. These are also an important type of tree for its pulp to make paper. Planting is best done when the potted tree is dormant in the late autumn, winter, or early spring. The fir needles have a distinct citrus aroma. The silver fir is slender tree that grows to between 130 and 160 ft. (40 – 50 m) tall. Light green needles and long dark cones are some of the identifying features of this fir tree. Rowan tree in Wicklow, Ireland. These give off a mild turpentine-like fragrance when crushed. These grow from the shoots on either side, giving the “leaf” a flat rather than cylindrical look. True firs are in the genus Abies and there are between 45-55 species of these evergreen conifers worldwide. The soft fir needles stay on the shoots for a long time after the tree is cut. Many lists of trees of Great Britain and Ireland have been written. The silver fir tree is native to Europe and is a tall species of conifer with sparse foliage. Fir, Douglas. Or select a region for a larger-scale map. The Nordmann fir is one of the most popular Christmas trees in the UK. Fir, White . Some species of fir tree such as the Fraser fir, balsam fir, and noble fir are popular Christmas trees. Like most coniferous trees, firs have needle-like leaves that stay green all year long. Unlike the clusters of pine needles on a branch, fir tree needles attach individually to the branches and not in clusters or attached to small woody projections. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. The leaves are flat and resemble needles. As the tree matures the bark becomes ridged. Often wood from grand firs is used in the construction industry for frames and other wooden indoor structures. However, before they … The Spanish fir is closely related to the Moroccan fir which has slightly longer cones on it. It makes a lovely contrast with dark-colored evergreens. It has a delightful fragrant aroma and soft flat green needles that stay on the tree after being cut. 11 Best Types of Christmas Trees for People Who Want the Real-Tree Smell in Their House These tree varieties offer a nice aroma, an easy clean-up or strong branches to hold lots of ornaments. The soil should be fertile and well-drained. The cones are cylindrical in shape, 6” (15 cm) long, and have a reddish-brown color. Do You Know the Difference Between Evergreens and Conifers? Spanish fir trees grow in high altitudes in Spain and Morocco. Spanish firs have a distinct conical shape and purple cones. Some types of Christmas trees are long skinny trees that are perfect for small rooms. Even some pine cones that are long and conical differ from fir trees in the way they grow on the tree. Choose a species with good cold hardiness in your region. However, the typical height of these firs is between 180 and 200 ft. (55 – 61 m). Unlike many types of fir where the foliage only grows at the top, the whole shape of the tree is conical. Cones are dark purple to brown and grow to between 1.5” and 3.14” (4 – 8 cm) long. These are arranged spirally on the twigs and are slightly curved in shape. SHOP SEEDS . The identifying features of these firs are short flattened needles, long purple cones, and bushy foliage. This is an evergreen tree, meaning that it retains its color throughout the entire year. Fir Trees 4. Their needle-like leaves are between 0.4″ and 1.37″ (1 – 3.5 cm) long and are a bluish-green color. Balsam Fir. Choose a species with good cold hardiness in your region. A favorite species for Christmas trees, the noble fir features long needles in a deep blue-green shade. Hardy to -40 degrees F, the slow growth rate of this variety makes it great for folks who don’t have the time or inclination to regularly prune their shrubs. We’re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and western red cedar, but they are cedars in name only. Fir Trees. Holly trees and bushes encompass more than 400 plant species. Some fir cones can grow up to 10” (25 cm) and they resemble brown-colored candles sitting erect on branches. White firs are among the tall species of woody plants in the Abies genus. As with most fir trees, branches from the lower part drop off, meaning that foliage is concentrated at the top of the tall tree. They can grow up to 8” (21 cm) long and stand erect on branches as they mature to a brown color. Types of Evergreen Trees That Will Leave You Wonder-struck. When the cones fall, they leave a small, upright attachment on the branch. Bark on young trees is smooth and gray, becoming rough and scaly as the tree ages. Popularly grown types of fir tree are noble firs, Fraser firs, balsam firs, Douglas firs, and giant firs. Douglas fir is a hard type of softwood tree that is used for flooring, construction, veneer, and for general timber. Also known regionally as California red fir, Shasta fir, or silvertip, the red fir gets its principal common name because the bark turns dark red as it matures. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. This fir tree displays a full pyramid shape with blue or dark green leaves that have one of the richest scents of all the Christmas trees. There are about 56 varieties of fir in the world today. Select a region . The bark is smooth and gray. As the cones mature, they change in color from dark purple to brown before disintegrating. In botany, an evergreen tree type or plant is a plant that has leaves in all seasons. Also known as red fir or white fir, the noble fir is a popular choice for Christmas trees. Many of us have a tendency to refer to all conifers as pine trees, which is not illogical considering that the pine family (Pinaceae) is the largest family of conifers and accounts for approximately ¼ of all cone-bearing trees (the definition of a conifer is a plant that bears cones). The scientific name of the California red fir gives a clue as to its size and stature. Firs are most closely related to the genus Cedrus (cedar). The branches are densely packed with flattened, glossy dark-green needles up to 1 1/4 inches long, and have two white bands on the undersides. Abies, Fir trees are a genus comprised of 66 taxa (species, subspecies and varieties) of evergreen conifer trees. True fir trees are not to be confused with the Douglas firs of the genus Pseudotsuga, whose cones hang down from the branch and remain intact after maturity. So if your ornaments and decorations are on the heavier side, this is definitely the tree for you. Southwest. Also called the Canaan fir, these fir trees are described as medium-sized trees that have a thick sticky aromatic resin. Most species of Fir trees in America are found in the northern region. Growing on the fir trees, these cones can resemble candles on a Christmas tree. The needles are very sharp, inspiring another common name, hedgehog fir. The most popular fir trees used for Christmas include the noble fir, fraser fir and balsam fir. This contrasts with deciduous tree type or plants, which completely lose their foliage during the winter or dry season. Types and Facts about Fir Trees - Fir trees are evergreen coniferous trees that fall under the Abies genus of the Pinaceae family. This tree has good pest resistance and makes a great screen or specimen. Cones grow upright, with each scale holding two seeds. The needles are short (about 1/2 inch long) and pale green-blue in color. This tree is also known as the Nordmann fir, named after Alexander von Nordmann, a Finnish zoologist. Pick from a variety of fast growing evergreen trees to add character to your yard, offer foliage year-round, or drastically enhance your landscape. As you may be able to tell by its scientific name, the Douglas fir is not a true fir tree. Other pines have different leaf and cone arrangements. Cones are large and can be up to 7” (18.7 cm) long and 1.6” (4 cm) broad. Due to their coated leaf structure and coniferous top, evergreen trees are never susceptible to arid weather, thus standing tall and long-living. A true firs needles grow out of the branch and leave scars on the branch when they fall. Let’s look in more detail at the many types of woody plants that belong to the fir tree genus. The plants are native to North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. In the pine family, true fir trees (genus Abies) include 11 species native to North America. Evergreen trees are the perfect type of tree to landscape a garden or backyard. Balsam firs grow to between 46 and 66 ft. (14 – 20 m) tall with some of the tallest trees reaching 90 ft. (27 m). Some of the tallest specimens of Nordmann trees can grow up to 280 ft. (85 m) tall. This tree demands cooler temperatures and moist soils, making it a popular Christmas tree types in northern areas, where it grows about a foot per year. There are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia. The flattened needs are 3/4 to 1 1/2 inches long, a glossy dark-green with two whitish bands on the bottom sides. Also called the pindrow fir, this species of fir tree grows large and has a distinctive long slender conical shape. Alternate-leaf dogwood. One of the attractive features of Korean firs is their large plump purple cones. There are about 50 different wild species of Fir Trees, but only a few are regularly grown in gardens. This article lists some information about these trees. Identifying features are the 2 rows of green needles on each twig and small fat light-brown colored cones. It rarely grows to a height of 25 meters. The ornamental Subalpine Fir tree grows at high altitudes. European silver firs are also popular Christmas trees in North America and Europe. There are many types of fir trees and although they’re all similar, each type grows in a specific location and has a unique color and shape. The most popular types of Christmas trees in Canada fall into the pine, fir, or spruce families. Some of the most commonly planted firs include: White Fir (Abies concolor) – this fir tree has soft, gray-green to silvery blue-green foliage. As its common name suggests, the California red fir tree develops reddish bark. Fir tree wood is a type of softwood that has no resistance to decay or disease. They are native to mountainous regions in cold climates, growing naturally throughout much of Europe, Asia, North Africa, and the Americas. Some of the most popular species and varieties are: Colorado White Fir – Abies Concolor. Light: Full sun. Here are 12 popular types of fir trees for your landscape. The bark is light gray and smooth but gradually becomes furrowed as the tree ages. The needles of Korean fir grow densely on the twigs and curl in on themselves. Since there are different types of evergreen trees for different purposes, here is a list of my recommended ones with information and with tips on how to use them in your landscape. The trees have a reliably symmetrical shape with a wide base and dark green, broad needles. Types of Fir Wood . The cylindrical cones are 3 1/2 to 12 inches long. Nordmann fir trees are also used for rough timber to construct indoor wooden frames. The evergreen conifers have a distinct conical shape, even when mature. It has soft, flattened pale blue-green needles up to 2 1/2 inches long. American elm. One of the smaller species of fir tree is the Korean fir that has a short shrub-like appearance. Another reason why these evergreens are popular at Christmas time is due to their glossy green foliage. This makes it perfect for those looking for a traditional Christmas tree. Apart from the botanical names and descriptions of these evergreens, pictures will provide identification for each type of fir tree. The grand fir tree has smooth bark that is grayish brown and becomes scaly as the tree matures. With waxy, bright green leaves, and large fragrant flowers, it has become a beacon of old time southern hospitality. Their needle-like leaves are similar to fir trees and generally only grow nearer the top of the tree trunk. Korean fir is one of the smallest types of fir trees. Pine is a coniferous tree in the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae.There are about 111 species of pines worldwide, although different authorities accept between 105 and 125 species. Other descriptive names of this fir include giant fir, western white fir, and great silver fir. Several species are useful as a source of timber, and a number are cultivated as ornamentals. The way the fir needles are arranged on the shoots gives the “leaf” an overall flat appearance. Conifers are also known as softwoods. Unlike many types of fir trees, the cones also appear on young trees which enhance their attractiveness. Like all conifers, it produces a cone that is spherical. These characteristics are detailed in many field guides for field identification of trees. Knowing the scientific name of true fir trees can help to identify them. It is also known as the Rocky Mountain fir. These fir cones are yellowish-green when immature and gradually turn brown. Fun fact, the douglas fir makes up nearly half of all Christmas trees grown in the United States. The shape of the slender fir tree appears to taper to a point. The bark is charcoal gray. The foliage forms a conical shape at the top of the tree. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. As the tree grows, the bark becomes ridged and takes on a light brown color. They have soft blue-green needles that have blunted tips. This fir species produces an essential oil with a fragrance of pine. John Fraser, a Scottish botanist, was the inspiration for this fir tree's name. The short, broad needles are up to 3/4 inch long, shiny dark-green on the top surfaces and silver on the undersides. Also called the Rocky Mountain fir, this medium-sized evergreen grows at high altitudes in cold humid climates. Distinct tiers of branches with open spaces, allow you to showcase ornaments while avoiding the appearance of bare spots. It is estimated that there are over 126 species of pine trees in the world. Browse the entire list below. These trees are very fragrant when first cut. Needles that make up the “leaves” are light pale-green and flat. phanerolepis. It will survive best positioned in a relatively cool space away from heat ducts. It is also found in the following types: Mountain Hemlock, Engelmann Spruce-Subalpine Fir, Sitka Spruce, Western Hemlock, Western Redcedar and Pacific Douglas-Fir. Pine cones are usually oval or triangular-shaped. Learn which trees are native to Ontario and the best species to plant where you live. As the fir tree matures, the bark changes from smooth and soft to rough and fissured. USDA Hardiness Zones: 5 to 7. These huge fir trees grow to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall and their trunk is 6.6 ft. (2 m) in diameter. Varieties to Try: Glauca Prostrata, Horstmann’s Silberlocke. The blue-green needles are typically 3/4 to 1 1/4 inches long. Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) This type of fir is native to the Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern United States. The two and a half-inch flat needles are shiny dark green on the top with two white lines on the undersides and release an orange fragrance when crushed. A popular choice as a Christmas tree, the balsam fir also yields aromatic oils and resins and is used for making paper. Small needle-like leaves also dominate this tree species as well as large cylindrical purple cones. As with most fir trees, the long cones grow erect on the stems. 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